Lingnan Foundation Collection: Zhao Hao-gong and Wong Po-yeh

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Lingnan Foundation Collection: Zhao Hao-gong and Wong Po-yeh  (中文)

Exhibition Period: August to November 2009

 

Zhao Hao-gong (1882-1946)

Zhao Hao-gong, also known as Hao and Shifo, was born in Heshan, Guangdong Province in 1882. At the age of seventeen, he became an apprentice to Wang Zhu-xu who taught him painting as well as the skill of mounting and conservation. He took up the skill to develop his career through which he got precious opportunities of seeing and imitating many ancient works. As a painter, he was famous for his flower-and-bird in the style of Song Academy. His landscape integrated the merits of both Shitao and Ma Yuan. He was also good at calligraphy and seal carving.

In 1923, Zhao, in joint effort with Wong Po-yeh , Pan Zhi-zhong, Huang Shao-mei , Lu Zhen-huan, and other painters in Guangzhou, founded the Guihai Painting Association which was later became  The Society for Researching Chinese Painting. He also established the Nan Shan Art Studio with Lu Zhen-huan and started teaching painting.

 

 

S087
Landscape after Ma Yuan*    1946

Hanging scroll, ink and colour on paper 96 x 39 cm

Signed: Zhao Hao

* Ma Yuan: famous court painter of the Southern Song Dynasty (1127 – 1279)

 

S088
An Imitation Copy of Shen Zhou’s* Ci Niao Tu    1945

Hanging scroll, ink on paper 110 x 47.5 cm

Signed: Zhao Hao

* Shen Zhou: one of the founders of the Wu School painting tradition of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)

S089
Landscape after Xia Gui*    1946

Hanging scroll, ink on paper 109 x 48.5 cm 

Signed: Zhao Hao

* Xia Gui: famous landscape court painter of the Southern Song Dynasty (1127 – 1279)

S090
Flowers after Yun Ge*    1945

Hanging scroll, colour on paper 95 x 38.5 cm

Signed: Zhao Hao       

* Yun Ge: One of the six painting masters of the Orthodox School in early Qing Dynasty. (1644-1911)

S091
Flowers after Xu Xi*

Hanging scroll, colour on paper 94 x 38.5 cm

Signed: Zhao Hao

* Xu Xi: famous floral painter of the Five Dynasties (907-960)

S093
Red Bamboo

Hanging scroll, ink and colour on paper 107 x 38 cm

Signed: Zhao Hao

 

 

Wong Po-yeh (1901-1968)

Wong Po-yeh, also known as Jianbo and Wanqian, was born in Dongguan, Guangdong Province in 1901. His father died when he was young. He and his mother went to Guangzhou and lived with his uncle Huang Shao-mei who taught him painting. He settled in Hong Kong after 1949. He took up the style of Hua Yan for his bird-and-flower, Shitao for his landscape, and Chen Hong-shou for his figure painting. He was interested in Buddhist philosophy and treasured the values of traditional culture. He studied the differences between Chinese and Western painting and concluded that the development of Chinese painting should be based on ancient traditions. He promoted traditional ink painting and emphasized the abstract quality of brushwork.

In 1923, Wong founded the Guihai Painting Association with Zhao Hao-gong, Pan Zhi-zhong, Huang Shao-mei, Lu Zhen-huan and other painters in Guangzhou. The association was later developed into the Society for Researching Chinese Painting. A contemporary of Wong, Fang Ren-ding criticized the society as “conservative” and “old-fashioned” in the news media. Wong published articles to fight back and started off a series of debates between the “new and old schools”.

During his stay in the mainland, Wong travelled extensively. He also got the chance to study various collections of ancient painting and calligraphy. He was the editor of Feifei Pictorial and Special Issue of Guangdong Cultural Relics, and participated in compiling the three great volumes of Guangdong Cultural Relics. He befriended with many famous painters and theorists such as Zhang Da-qian and Huang Bin-hong. After he settled in Hong Kong, he was active as a painter, curator, and organizer of many exhibitions. After 1956, he travelled widely across the territory and did sketching of every scene he visited. His two famous works, Huts on Fire and Fire in Kowloon, were based on the actual scene of a fire outbreak he witnessed.

 

 

S101
Fei Lai Xia Tu (The Gorge of Mt. Xia)  1945

Hanging scroll, ink and colour on paper 103 x 50 cm

Signed: Po-yeh

S103
Landscape after Ni Yun-lin*    1946

Hanging scroll, ink on paper 100 x 55.5 cm

Signed: Wong Po-yeh

* Ni Yun-lin: one of the Four Yuan Masters of the Yuan Dynasty  (1271-1368)

S104
Landscape after Wang Yuan-qi*    1946

Hanging scroll, colour on paper 125.5 x 59.5 cm

Signed: Wong Po-yeh

* Wang Yuan-qi: one of the six painting masters of the Orthodox School in early Qing Dynasty (1644-1911)

S105
Luohan under a Pine Tree     1946

Hanging scroll, colour on paper 116 x 44 cm

Signed: Wong Po-Yeh

S107
Bird and Flower in the Style of Hua Xin-luo*   1946

Hanging scroll, colour on paper 121 x 42 cm

Signed: Wong Po-yeh

* Hua Xin-luo: one of the Eight Eccentrics of Yangzhou of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911)

S132
Landscape after Kun Can*    1946

Hanging scroll, ink and colour on paper 145 x 42 cm

Signed: Wong Po-yeh

* Kun Can: one of the Four Monks of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911)

 

※Note prepared by Dr. Sophia Law and Ms. Wong Yee-man, Candy (student of Department of Visual Studies)※